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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 77-83

Effect of pranayama as per trishikhbrahmana upanishad on sleep quality in adults: An experimental study

Department of Teaching, Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga, Ministry of Ayush, Government of India, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Arpit Kumar Dubey
Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga, Ministry of Ayush, Government of India, 68 Ashoka Road, New Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijptr.ijptr_136_22

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Context: The Upanishads are primary texts of Yoga philosophy and practices. Various Yoga Upanishads have given detailed description of various yogic practices along with their spiritual and physical benefits. This study aims to assess the effect of one Pranayama practice from Trishikhbrahmana Upanishad on sleep quality in adults. Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the effect of a Pranayama technique (described in the Trishikhbrahmana Upanishad) on sleep quality in adults. Settings and Design: An experimental study was conducted on volunteer participants from North India. Subjects and Methods: A pretest–posttest control group study was designed where the participants (n = 30) were randomized into study (n = 15) and control (n = 15) groups. The study group was given the Pranayama intervention for 30 days whereas the control group was not given any intervention throughout the study. The sleep quality was assessed by using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Statistical Analysis Used: GraphPad Instat Software was used to carry out independent t-test. The mean and standard deviation were also calculated. Results: The results showed a significant improvement in the postglobal PSQI score in the study group (P < 0.001) whereas there was no significant change in the pre- and postglobal PSQI score in the control group (P = 0.941). Conclusion: The results suggest that the Pranayama technique from the text and its effects are true in improving the sleep quality in adults but future studies with a larger sample size and some other physiological parameter assessments may further support the textual claim.

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