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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 60-65

Prevalence of pelvic crossed syndrome in females with primary dysmenorrhea and its impact on physical activity: An observational study

Department of OBG Physiotherapy, KAHER Institute of Physiotherapy, Belagavi, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Asmu Bhattarai
Department of OBG Physiotherapy, KLE Institute of Physiotherapy, Belagavi - 590 010, Karnataka, India. USM Hostel, KLE University, Belagavi - 590 010, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijptr.ijptr_71_22

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Context: Pelvic crossed syndrome (PCS) often known as lower crossed syndrome, which is a clinical pattern of muscle imbalance around the pelvis, has been reported more frequently in females than males of the same age. Primary dysmenorrhea (PD), which is another prevalent condition in females, is a leading cause of work absenteeism. As menstrual pain has been reported with change in musculoskeletal structure around the pelvis and lumbar area, this syndrome could be a missing link, which describes the severity of the condition, and may have an impact on physical activity. Aims: The objective of the current study is to find the prevalence of PCS in females with PD and its impact on physical activity. Settings and Design: This was an observational study undertaken in colleges of Belagavi City for a period of 6 months. Subjects and Methods: A total of 305 females with PD were recruited based on the inclusion criteria. They were assessed for PCS using Thomas test and modified Schober's test for muscle length and manual muscle testing grades for muscle strength, after which were subjected to Simple Physical Activity Questionnaire. Statistical Analysis: The data were analyzed using SPSS version 23 software descriptive statistics and Chi-square test. Results: The prevalence of PCS in females with PD is 28.5% with 44% of those experiencing severe PD, whereas 23% of those with moderate-to-severe PD. The impact of the same on physical activity was found significant with 67% of females with PD involving in only 1 h of physical activity for every 24 h. Conclusions: Pelvic cross syndrome affects physical activity significantly and is prevalent in 28.5% of females with PD.

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