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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 46-50

Effect of music therapy versus aromatherapy with aerobic exercise on stage 2 hypertension: A randomized controlled trial

Department of Orthopedic Manual Therapy, KLE Institute of Physiotherapy, Belagavi, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Santosh Metgud
KLE Institute of Physiotherapy, Nehru Nagar, Belagavi - 590 010, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijptr.ijptr_35_22

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Context: High blood pressure (BP) is a worldwide public health problem that is becoming more common by the day. Music therapy and aromatherapy are two novel complementary therapies, that when used in conjunction with aerobic exercise, can help lower BP. The outcome is measured using a mercury sphygmomanometer and the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of music therapy versus aromatherapy in combination with aerobic exercise in stage 2 hypertensive patients. Settings and Design: The present randomized controlled trial was conducted in Tertiary Care Centre, Belagavi. Subjects and Methods: A total of 78 people with stage 2 hypertension were included in the study. For 2 weeks, the patients were randomly assigned to receive either music therapy or aromatherapy in combination with aerobic exercise or merely aerobic exercise. The PSS was given to the participants before and after the intervention, and their BP was monitored with a mercury sphygmomanometer before and after the intervention. Statistical Analysis: Various statistical measures such as test of significance, SD, and mean were used to analyze the data. Results: The results were statistically significant (P = 0.0001). The percentage of change seen in systolic BP (SBP) scores in Group A was 1.60, Group B was 3.44, and Group C was 1.57. The percentage of change seen in the diastolic BP (DBP) scores in Group A was 1.17, Group B was 2.81, and Group C was 1.48. The percentage of change seen in the PSS scores in Group A was 14.51, Group B was 22.17, and Group C was 16.47. Conclusion: The present study concluded that combining music therapy and aerobic exercise showed a maximum reduction in SBP, DBP, and stress levels. Thus, music therapy with aerobic exercise can be used as an alternative treatment with medications to reduce BP in hypertensive patients.

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