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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 127-132

Maternal and neonatal outcomes in hypertensive disorders during pregnancy: A hospital-based study

1 Department of OBG Nursing , KLE Academy of Higher Education and Research, Institute of Nursing Sciences, Belagavi, Karnataka, India
2 Department of OBG, JNMC, Belagavi, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Mrs. Uma Kole
KLE Academy of Higher Education and Research, Institute of Nursing Sciences, Nehru Nagar, Belagavi, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijptr.ijptr_111_22

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Context: Pregnancy is a physiological phenomenon, and each pregnancy is unique and valuable in its own way. Hypertensive diseases during pregnancy begin throughout pregnancy and disappear entirely after birth. Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP), including pregnancy-induced hypertension (HTN), chronic HTN (CHTN), (superimposed) preeclampsia, and eclampsia, are responsible for increased perinatal morbidity and mortality. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and perinatal effects in women with hypertensive disease during pregnancy. Setting and Design: Hospital based cross section study was conducted on pregnant women. Methods and Materials: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was carried out from September 2019 to August 2021 on women whose pregnancies were complicated by HTN disorders. Mothers of the baby suffering from systemic diseases were excluded from the study. Statistical analysis used: Descriptive and inferential statistical analysis was conducted. Results: In the present study results the prevalence of gestational HTN at 8.49%, preeclampsia at 18.10%, severe preeclampsia at 8.75%, and CHTN was 2.28%. It was shown that the prevalence of hypertensive disease is 38%. A significant difference was found between the maternal age group of mothers suffering from HTN disorders during pregnancy with mean gestational age in weeks F = 124.6477, P = 0.0001 at a 5% level. Furthermore, a significant statistical difference was observed with different maternal age groups having different mean Apgar scores at 1 min with F = 81.0233, P = 0.0001. Conclusion: Prenatal HTN is one of the leading causes of maternal and neonatal death. Despite having all of the resources and several government programs in both urban and rural areas, many women suffer from HDP in both locations (rural and urban). Hence, management, as well as awareness among pregnant women regarding hypertensive diseases in pregnancy, is required.

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