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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 88-93

Correlation between international classification of functioning and quality of life in head and neck cancer survivors in Indian population: A cross-sectional study

Departments of Oncology Physiotherapy, KAHER Institute of Physiotherapy, Belagavi, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Renu B Pattanshetty
Department of Oncology Physiotherapy, KAHER Institute of Physiotherapy, Nehrunagar, Belagavi - 590 010, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijptr.ijptr_4_20

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Context: Cancer is counted as the second most leading cause of death worldwide. Cancer adversely affects one's physical, functional, social, and emotional well-being. Aim: The objective of the present study was to determine a correlation between components of the International Classification of Functioning (ICF) and quality of life (QOL) in head and neck cancer survivors in the Indian population. Settings and Design: This was an observational study undertaken in a tertiary health care and cancer hospital for a period of 6 months. Subjects and Methods: Fifty-two head and neck cancer patients were evaluated for their QOL using the Functional Activity of Cancer Therapy-Head and Neck Cancer (FACT-HNC) and impairments and disabilities given by ICF. Statistical Analysis Used: Test like Karl Pearson's coefficient for correlation between ICF and FACT-H and N was used. Results: There was a negative correlation between the physical and emotional well-being of FACT-H and N and ICF component of body function (r = −4.25, P ≤ 0.002, r = 27.8, P ≤ 0.046). Activities and participation of ICF also demonstrated similar results (r = −49.5, P ≤ 0.001and r = −40.0, P ≤ 0.003). No correlation was found between environmental factors of ICF and FACT-H and N scores. Conclusions: The study concluded that there was a strong negative correlation in terms of emotional well between ICF and FACT-H and N.

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