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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 102-106

Effect of core and pelvic floor muscle exercise on symptom severity and quality of life in women with stress urinary incontinence


Department of Community Physiotherapy, M A Rangoonwala College of Physiotherapy, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Seemab Khan
M A Rangoonwala College of Physiotherapy, Pune, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijptr.ijptr_41_20

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Context: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) has been associated with a negative impact on quality of life in women which needs to be addressed. The commonly followed treatment includes only pelvic floor muscle (PFM) exercises with lack of importance given to the abdominal muscle strengthening. Aims: The aim of the study is to find the combined effects of core muscle and pelvic floor exercises on SUI in women. Study Setting and Design: This study was a single-group pre–post study design with females having SUI from communities of Pune city, India. Subjects and Methods: Sixty females between 30 and 45 years of age experiencing SUI were recruited for the study. PFM exercises along with core muscle exercises were given as intervention for 5 days/week for 6 weeks. Outcome measures used were Revised Urinary Incontinence Scale (RUIS) and Urogenital Distress Inventory-6 (UDI-6), which were taken before and on completion of 6 weeks of intervention. Statistical Analysis: Student's t-test was used to study the pre- and postintervention difference in the parameters. Results: Significant improvement was noted in the symptoms of SUI as the value of the RUIS reduced from 7.75 ± 2.419 to 3.90 ± 1.100 (P = 0.0015). The quality of life as assessed by UDI-6 also improved significantly after exercise intervention with P = 0.0010. Conclusion: The study showed a significant reduction in symptom severity of urinary incontinence and improvement in quality of life in females suffering from SUI.


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