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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 46-50

Association of foot posture with lumbar lordosis angle in teachers

Departments of Community Based Rehabilitation, KAHER Institute of Physiotherapy, Belgavi, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Snehal Dharmayat
Department of Community Based Rehabilitation, KAHER Institute of Physiotherapy, Nehru Nagar, Belgavi - 590 010, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijptr.ijptr_70_19

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Context: Anatomical alteration in the alignment of the foot leads to changes in proximal joints that in turn cause mechanical variations in the spine. Changes in the lower kinematic chain can have functional consequences in the form of low back pain and may be seen in professions requiring long-standing. This is often an unexplored, under-evaluated component of low back pain and hence proves its need. Aim: To study the relationship between ankle-foot complex and lumbar spine, and also to determine the association between Foot Posture and Lumbar Lordosis angle in teachers. Settings and Design: Data for the observational study were collected from school and college teachers of Belagavi city. Materials and Methods: Foot posture of 200 teachers in the age group of 20–50 years was assessed using Chippaux Index and Foot Posture Index-6 (FPI-6). Lumbar curvature was measured using Flexi curve ruler and angle was calculated. Functional limitation was assessed using Low Back Pain Rating Scale and Modified Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire. Statistical Analysis Used: Spearman's rank correlation and t-test were used for analysis. Results: Statistically significant association was noted between FPI-6, lumbar angle, Low back pain scores, and Modified Oswestry score with P = 0.0001. Gender comparison of the outcome measures did not reveal any significant relationship. Conclusion: Alteration in foot posture leads to changes in lumbar lordosis angle, which in turn may cause low back pain.

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